This disorder affects reading and writing. There are several types of dyslexia
. The most common form is a visual confusion of the letters “b” and “d”. Overall, there is a difficulty experienced when reading words, particularly those with an abstract meaning.
This disorder affects the learning of spellings. This results in difficulties in respecting the spelling of words
, the breakdown of a group of words (“anospital” instead of “a hospital”), the transformation of sounds (“apicot” instead of “apricot”) or the inversion of syllables in a word.
This disorder makes it difficult for the child to organize their writing
and may result in irregular letter shapes, extremely slow writing or on the contrary very impulsive writing.
- Logico-mathematical disorders
These highlight difficulties in processing mathematical reasoning
and operations. They are generally identified in elementary school and are increasingly taken into account and treated distinctly.Oral language
These involve not pronouncing certain sounds or changing them, such as lisping or sigmatism.
- Speech and/or language delay
This is an incorrect use of sounds or phonemes
(elements of spoken language, considered as separate units) in the word or sentence. This could also be the continued use of “baby talk” (with comprehension and/or expression problems) beyond a certain age, generally four years. For example, the child only uses a few words of vocabulary, does not use linking words and leaves verbs in the infinitive form.
In this disorder, the flow of speech is disrupted
by repetitions of syllables or silent pauses or blocks.